Table of Contents
Helth tips & treatment for Diabetes
What is diabetes?
The full name of diabetes which we know as diabetes is ‘diabetes mellitus’. Diabetes means more urine and mellitus means salt (like honey) – honey like sweet urine means diabetes mellitus aka diabetes mellitus.
In diabetics, the body’s glucose-regulating endocrine system is deficient in insulin. The main function of insulin is to carry glucose molecules from the blood into the patient’s cells. Due to the lack of insulin, glucose molecules cannot reach the patient’s cells from the blood. As a result, even though the body has plenty of glucose, the body’s cells cannot use it.
The condition of the body becomes like a state full of disorder and chaos in which people die of starvation despite the abundance of food. Although there is plenty of glucose in the body, the cells of a diabetic suffer from lack of glucose.
An increase in blood glucose levels (more than 150 mg / dL) causes excess blood glucose to be excreted in the urine. This important component of nourishing the body is thus wasted and the patient’s condition worsens. She is very hungry. Feeling thirsty and urinating a lot; And in the long run, damage to the eyes, heart, kidneys, nerves, etc. can lead to many complications.
If the blood glucose level exceeds 200 mg / dl at least twice a day, then the person is diabetic.
Types of diabetes
Many types of diabetes mellitus have been discovered to date and the latest classification is given by the World Health Organization (WHO). According to this classification, there are three main divisions: (1) Diabetes mellitus, (2) Glucose-deficiency in regulation and (3) Gestational diabetes. The details of how much glucose should be in the blood of the patient of each department are given in the table (see page no. 4). The first and largest section is divided into four sub-sections – Diabetes Mellitus.
- Insulin-based diabetes (type-1)
- Insulin – Non-based Diabetes (Type-2)
Diabetes and associated with malnutrition
Diabetes caused by other causes,
Symptoms seen in older patients with adult diabetes
> Do not heal wounds
> Feeling tired
> Frequent urination
> Urinary tract infections
> Frequent infections of skin, ears and vagina (especially fungal infections)
> Emptyness, tingling or inflammation
Blindness or dimming of the eyes
> Stomach upset after eating.
The effect of diabetes
Diabetes does not cause any problems in the early stages. But if diabetes is not brought under control from the beginning, it can cause serious damage to the eyes, heart, kidneys, nerves, blood vessels and skin in the long run.
Low blood sugar can cause dizziness, nausea, sweating, watery hands and feet, trembling, increased heart rate, darkening of the eyes, confusion in the brain, cramps and finally unconsciousness.
Medication or injections do not cure diabetes forever. This means that medications, dietary changes, and exercise must be continued throughout life.
Treatment of Diabetes Dieting is one of the first steps in the treatment of diabetes. Exercise and weight loss is another important factor in the treatment of diabetes. Medications and injections have to be taken only if these simple and drug-free treatments do not control diabetes. Here’s to following the diet diet, exercise, medications, and insulin injections for diabetics.
Diabetes medications do not cure diabetes. Taking the drug only reduces the effect of the increased glucose in the diabetic patient until the drug has an effect. Diabetes medication has to be taken permanently for this reason.
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